Utilitarism

Utilitarianism, by John Stuart Mill, is an essay written to provide support for the value of utilitarianism as a moral theory, and to respond to misconceptions about it Mill defines utilitarianism as a theory based on the principle that actions are right in proportion as they tend to promote happiness, wrong as they tend to produce the reverse of happiness Mill definesUtilitarianism, by John Stuart Mill, is an essay written to provide support for the value of utilitarianism as a moral theory, and to respond to misconceptions about it Mill defines utilitarianism as a theory based on the principle that actions are right in proportion as they tend to promote happiness, wrong as they tend to produce the reverse of happiness Mill defines happiness as pleasure and the absence of pain He argues that pleasure can differ in quality and quantity, and that pleasures that are rooted in one s higher faculties should be weighted heavily than baser pleasures Further, Mill argues that people s achievement of goals and ends, such as virtuous living, should be counted as part of their happiness.
Utilitarism Utilitarianism by John Stuart Mill is an essay written to provide support for the value of utilitarianism as a moral theory and to respond to misconceptions about it Mill defines utilitarianism as

  • Title: Utilitarism
  • Author: John Stuart Mill
  • ISBN: 9781535555128
  • Page: 367
  • Format: Paperback
  • Utilitarianism Utilitarianism is an ethical theory that states that the best action is the one that maximizes utility Utility is defined in various ways, usually in terms of the well being of sentient entities Jeremy Bentham, the founder of utilitarianism, described utility as the sum of all pleasure that results from an action, minus the suffering of anyone involved in the action. The History of Utilitarianism Stanford Encyclopedia of Precursors to the Classical Approach Though the first systematic account of utilitarianism was developed by Jeremy Bentham , the core insight motivating the theory occurred much earlier. Consequentialism Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy Consequentialism, as its name suggests, is the view that normative properties depend only on consequences This general approach can be applied at different levels to different normative properties of different kinds of things, but the most prominent example is consequentialism about the moral rightness of acts, which holds that whether an act is morally right depends only on the consequences Victorian Age Skuola The Victorian age It is the period covered by the reign of Victoria It is the period of great contradiction. Indrek Meos Meos, I Filosoofia snaraamat Diogenes Laertios Diogenes Sinopest disjunktiivne otsustus disjunktsioon dispositsioon dogma dualism dualistlik interaktsionism Filantropi Filantropi etymologiskt mnniskokrlek r vlgrenhet och annan allmnnyttig verksamhet som utan motprestation stder institutioner och projekt inom till exempel kultur, utbildning, forskning och hlsa.Filantroper kan vara privatpersoner, ideella freningar, fretag eller allmnnyttiga stiftelser. I fretagssammanhang anvnds begreppet Corporate Social Responsibility, och Pragmatism Pragmatism r en filosofi och sanningsteori som uppkom i USA vid slutet av talet och som knnetecknas av fokus p handlingars och pstendes praktiska konsekvenser. Ett pstendes mening, en id, metod, teori eller hypotes verifieras enligt pragmatismen i dess konkreta konsekvenser, dess tillmpbarhet, funktion, anvndbarhet och relation till accepterade fakta. Inferens, Vad r Inferens Learningsharing Vi behhver hjlp att kategorisera vra artiklar Kan du skriva ett nyckelord fr denna artikel Du kan skriva upp till olika nyckelord fr denna artikel, vi uppskattar din hjlp CyberSophia FILOSOFIA DA RENASCENA Oct , A filosofia da Renascena o perodo da histria da filosofia na Europa que, grosso modo, ocupa o espao entre a Idade Mdia e o Iluminismo Inclui o sculo XV alguns eruditos estendem na de at ao sculo XVI ou incio do sculo XVII, justapondo se Reforma e primeira era moderna.Entre os elementos caractersticos da Renascena filosfica so a revivificao Vxelvarm, Vad r Vxelvarm Learningsharing Vxelvarm Vxelvarm, om djur som inte kan vrma sig sjlva, utan mste ha hjlp av tex solen.Vxelvarma djur gr i dvala p vintern i Sverige Reptiler r vxelvarma Frldrad synonym kallblodig Motsats jmnvarm.

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    1. "It is better to be a human being dissatisfied than a pig satisfied; better to be Socrates dissatisfied than a fool satisfied. And if the fool, or the pig, is of a different opinion, it is only because they only know their own side of the question."- John Stuart Mill, Utilitarianism I remember reading bits of Mill's Utilitarianism during a course of political philosophy and public policy when I was in college (my major almost 20 years ago was public policy). I have always been attracted to the b [...]

    2. مهم ترین چیزی که با خوندن این کتاب فهمیدم یا در واقع ازش مطمئن تر شدم، اینه که اغلب مطالب آموزشی دوران تحصیل ما، چه در دوران مدرسه و چه در دانشگاه (رشته های فنی حداقل) مشتی اراجیف و دروغ بوده اند. اون جایی که توی کتاب تعلیمات دینی از فلسفه های فایده گرایانه، به عنوان فلسفه هایی ف [...]

    3. مراجعة مقتضبة:-يمكن إدراج هذا الكتاب تحت بند فلسفة الأخلاق؛ يتكلم عن "النفعية"، وما النفعية إلا تلك: السعادة كغاية قصوى يسعى لها الجميع لما تحدثه من لذة في نفوس ذائقيها، ويتم طرحها ونقاشها كمبدأ أخلاقي مكتمل هدفه الأقصى_الأسمى المصلحة العامةالنفعية = أعظم السعادة = المصلحة ال [...]

    4. "nihai amaç [] acıdan mümkün olduğunca azade ve keyiften mümkün olduğunca zengin bir varoluş, bir yaşamdır." (s. 71)Selin Aktuyun'un başarılı çevirisi Yıldız Silier'in uzun ve kapsamlı önsözü sayesinde hakkında çokça fikir edindiğimiz Mill'in iki büyük başyapıtından birisi olan Faydacılık, üç yaşında Yunan Dili ve Edebiyatı, altı yaşında Latince ve Mantık öğrenen bir dehaya yakışır bir eser. Kısaca faydacılık fikrini özetleyen, bu fikre yönelik [...]

    5. Here, Mill offers a thorough description and defense of his moral theory, proposing the greatest happiness ("utilitarian") principle as the unique first principle underlying all moral conduct. "The 'greatest happiness principle' holds that actions are right in proportion as they promote happiness; wrong as they tend to produce the reverse of happiness," he argues. Happiness, Mill defines as "pleasure itself, together with exemption from pain." While this definition seems dubious at first, Mill d [...]

    6. تصوّر نظرية فلسفية تضمن السعادة العظمى لأكبر عدد من الأشخاص، وتقوم على مبدأ الفردية (منفعة الفرد فوق مصلحة المجتمع)، وتستند في قياسها لسلوك الفرد على النتائج أو ما يعرف بالعواقبية (مدى أخلاقية فعل ما تقاس بالنتائج المترتبة على الفعل). هذا، بإختصار، هو المبدأ النفعي الذي أسسه [...]

    7. The greatest proponent of utilitarianism in modern memory is Dr. Spock of Star Trek fame. The fact that an essay written in the 1860s is still having an impact on contemporary culture speaks to the longevity of J.S. Mill's idea. It has fueled countless debates among students in philosophy classes, and in the general public. The Greatest Happiness Principle is certainly worthy of consideration, and Mill's treatise has probably figured into many people's calculations when weighing momentous life d [...]

    8. Utilitarianism by John Stuart Mill is one tough book to read. But, if one understands it, it does prove to be interesting. Simply put, Mill explains that there is no basis for morality: what is good and what is bad. Utilitarianism is an idea that moral worth of an action is determined by the usefulness of it. People never settle for less. No one would like to be a happy animal. As Mill words it, "It is better to be an unsatisfied Socrates, than a satisfiel fool." Major themes in the book include [...]

    9. Mill writes about Utilitarianism. If you've read any modern take on this ethical system, there's nothing new here. The first chapter is very long and boring - I guess back in Mill's time he needed to justify Utilitarianism over other ethical systems like the Christian Bible pleas - now we, probably due to Mill, Utilitarianism is a completely understandable concept and doesn't really need to be defending in contrast to religious morals. The rest of the book is fun, and Mill shows his passion for [...]

    10. People who've studied philosophy are, IMO, the most interesting people with whom to share conversation. There's a kind of elegance about the way they put a case for an idea, and I like the way that while are open to dissenting opinions, they can demolish them in style. Mills shows how it's done. Here and there he pours a little scorn, but mostly it's a classically intelligent, coherent, logical argument for the principle that when trying to decide on a course of action, one should choose the pos [...]

    11. Okay, I'm not sure what to say about this. It's like milk; it's good for you, but can leave you bloated and gassy and the cover is totally uninspiring. Most of the writing is equally uninspiring. I recommend 2 minutes of Utilitarianism followed by 20 minutes of Googling gossipy facts about Mill.

    12. Utilitarianism, John Stuart Millفایده‌ گرایی یا منفعت گرایی نظریه‌ ای ست در باره ی مبانی اخلاق، و فراتر از آن حوزه‌ هایی چون فلسفه ی سیاست و حقوق را نیز دربرمی‌گیرد

    13. Before I start talking about utilitarianism, let me tell you one thing or two about the philosopher who wrote this book.John Stewart Mill was the son of the 17th century British philosopher James mill. And by taking full control of his son's educations and keeping him from associating with children of his own age, James Mill produced a prodigy who was said to have started learning Greek at three and Latin at seven. By the age of twelve young Mill was a competent logician, by sixteen a skilled ec [...]

    14. The last chapter saved this book from a one-star rating. While it's still wrong in a whole, I believe that Mill makes very small but important points throughout the book. For instance, he realizes that equality, with a government, requires inequality because some have more power than others (i.e. the people in government). Overall, though, his "proof" of utilitarianism is weak. His analysis of other ethical theories are very topical and not in-depth. And lastly, the most annoying thing about thi [...]

    15. If you have utter antipathy toward Utilitarianism or consider it an impracticable or vague theory, you probably just need to read the work. Mill describes much more than the simplistic, mathematical view often attributed to him. I would venture that perhaps no other moral theory would better align with the general public's sentiment than Mill's. This is not to endorse the theory--I am not a utilitarian--but it is to say it is worth consideration, and definitely worth a careful read.

    16. An interesting philosophy, and one of the most important informers of today's morality. It's surprising how much we refer to the ideas in the book, without even thinking about it. So many parts of public policy are grounded in it, from social welfare to cost-benefit analysis. It was really great to read the book and get more of an understanding about where we are today and where we came from.

    17. The philosophy is solid, but Mill spends too many words defending it (admittedly probably quite necessary at that time.) I would have been interested in seeing more about how he saw it being applied.

    18. رد قوى ومنهجى من مل على ناقدى المذهب النفعى . تحليل بسيط وتتابع منظم للأفكار الواقعيةالتى تتقافز فى أذهان معظم المفكرين . خاصة فيما يختص بالسعادة الفردية أو السعادة العامة

    19. By simple definition: utilitarianism - a doctrine that actions are right if they are useful or benefit a majority this can be compared to that which is considered epicurean

    20. اعتبر هذا الكتاب بأنه محاولة لستيوارت مل لفهم وتبسيط مبدأ النفعية الذي اعتبر مؤخرا كمفهوم مكمل لفلسفة الاخلاق والذي اسسه بنثام والتي تعبتر اليوم ضرورية لفهم الفسلسفة الاخلاقية.المقصود بالنفعية في هذا الكتاب هو الوصول لاقصى حالات السعادة للفرد والمجتمع، ويطرح الكاتب سلسلة [...]

    21. Mill's essay is a rambling thing of some beauty and of unquestionable merit.Utiliarianism of his mentor Bentham is richly espoused and its principles defended. Mill's version of the doctrine shows a kind of post-Enlightenment rationalist culmination of the long line of British sentimentalist moralists (Locke, Hume) and their synthesis with the principles of industrial design: calculations of utility are offered to replace the wishy-washy "feelgood" of more pastoral writers of the 17th Century. B [...]

    22. What can I say about a book like Utilitarianism? It's a book or treatise only a few will ever read. Normally devoured and debated by full time academics, I'm one of the odd folks who reads a treatise like Utilitarianism for pleasure and my own person gratification. John Stuart Mill's intellectual work can easily be compared to similar works like Edmund Burke's Reflections on the Revolution in France, John Locke's Two Treatises of Government and a Letter Concerning Toleration, and of course Mill' [...]

    23. Mill inherited the mantle of Utilitarianism from his father, James Mill, and his godfather, Jeremy Bentham. Though he was schooled in it from a young age, in his later writing life he became no mere parrot of his forefathers' theories -- he critiqued, extended, and improved them.Mill saw a fundamental flaw in Bentham's Utilitarianism: if what we must aim for is the greatest happiness of the greatest number, then this condition can be satisfied if the majority of society are sated and made happy [...]

    24. It's pretty hard to disagree with a moral system based on the greatest good for the greatest number, and Mill argues his case passionately. That said, I'm not quite ready to assail an innocent man in a hospital waiting room so that his organs might be harvested to save the lives a few wanting people in the ICU. Consequentalist moral systems seem to suffer from a formidable complication regarding foresight, or the ability of people to understand the ramifications of their actions a priori. Mill a [...]

    25. During the first semester at Loyola University Chicago I enrolled in David Ozar's Ethics Survey course. Treated in that class was Natural Law Ethics, Deontology and Utilitarianism. Having never taken an ethics course before, I found the class and its readings quite interesting. I also found one of the presumptions apparently held by all the ethicists we read objectionable.What I found questionable was as regards the matter of agency. Previous study of cultural anthropology, psychology and religi [...]

    26. تعتبر فلسفة ميل النفعية رديفة للسعادة العظمى أو أعظم سعادة, وهي ليست فقط بالبحث عن السعادة بل تجنب الشقاء والتخفيف منه . يجادل ميل في كتابه بأن غاية الإنسان هي السعادة, وأن كل مايريده الإنسان سواء في حواسه أو فكره إنما الوصول إلى تلك الغاية,فليصل الإنسان إلى تلك الغاية يستخدم [...]

    27. Again, Mill is so fascinating to read, but his ethical theory is so flimsy, cumbersome, and ungrounded, that it ultimately self-destructs on itself. Utilitarianism as a concept is so arbitrary, that although it was probably a new fascinating ethical theory during Mill's time, it has almost altogether been abandoned by philosophers of ethics today.Who determines what the "good" is for society? What happens with the ultimate good - in order to achieve chief happiness for the greatest amount of peo [...]

    28. This is about as dry as a box of century-old Saltines, but it does contain interesting ideas, if poorly and inelegantly expressed. I think Mill's basic stumbling block is in the transition between the rights and morals of an individual and the good of a society. He tries multiple times to make the connection, but he never manages to pull it off seamlessly. I got the feeling that even he didn't actually believe in the idea he was expressing on that point, only that the transition was necessary fo [...]

    29. For a long time I have maintained that personal happiness is the ultimate end, or at least ultimate pursuit, of human life, and that every thought and action of human is but a means to achieve that end. This book by Mill not only affirmed my personal belief, but also provided excellent reasoning to back it up and refute various common objections. So good and complete was Mill's idea and reasoning that I felt a sense of defeat for my own idea's lack of originality and concrete foundation.That sai [...]

    30. Having read this I'm not sure what kind of utilitarianism Mill advocates (that is, if he is a utilitarian after all), I'm not sure whether his naturalism is consistent, I'm not sure if his proof of utilitarianism is any good, I'm not sure whether he takes justice seriously, and, finally, I'm not sure whether Mill himself understood what he was really saying.Nevertheless, Utilitarianism's greatest strength is the author's inability to competently answer the questions he poses to the reader. It is [...]

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